Pond vacuums are useful to any pond builder by removing debris such as fish waste or dead plant particles and are a useful tool when building a pond. As debris in a pond starts to decompose, it will gradually start to destroy your ponds ecosystem. Algae will start to feed off of the decaying debris and, overall, the breakdown of organic waste in your pond slows down. Gradually, oxygen levels lower and the results can be fatal for any aquatic life. A pond vacuum plays a critical role in clearing this debris before a fish kill occurs.
There is one key term that you need to consider when purchasing a pond vacuum:
- Suction depth
- Suction depth is the depth that a pump can effectively suck up debris. Once the nozzle reaches a certain depth the vacuum will cease to be strong enough to pull water up through the machine.
- Keep in mind how deep your pond is at its deepest point and shop accordingly.
Pond vacuums come in various shapes and sizes but can be split in to two main categories: powered or non-powered. The main difference between the two is in the way they create the vacuum that is used to suction water and debris out of the pond
Non-powered pond vacuums are typically used for lighter duty work. They operate by attaching a water source at the end of the vacuum hose and running water up the vacuum pole. This creates a vacuum just within the head to force pond water and debris out of the pond. Non-powered pond vacuums can usually be run off of a garden hose but it is important to check what PSI they require. Smaller models need about 50 PSI to operate. This is the pressure found in a typical household pipe but you may want to check and make sure you have adequate water pressure before you purchase.
Powered pond vacuums are better for medium to heavy duty maintenance. Because they use an internal motor to create a vacuum, they usually have much greater suction depth than their non-powered counterparts.
- Filters collect the waste materials that a pond vacuum suctions up during cleaning. This debris is usually made up of decomposing fish waste and plant material and, as such, makes excellent fertilizer. For the ecofriendly pond owner, it’s a way to clean your pond and fertilize your plants at the same time.
- Vacuum heads
- Most pond vacuums will come with a variety of head attachments. You’ll want to make sure, however, that you have the right attachment for your pond. Ponds with lots of small rocks or pebbles at the bottom will want a head that keeps wanted material in the pond and only sucks out waste.
Make sure that whatever model you purchase comes with a warranty. Warranties represent confidence in a product and the longer the warranty the more confidence a manufacturer has. Unfortunately, the warrantied models usually come with a heavier price tag as well so consider your budget. A pond vacuum is not the most important piece of equipment when maintaining a pond so you’ll want to make sure you have all your other necessities first. It may even be beneficial to wait until there are signs of a problem before purchasing a pond vacuum.
Category: Pond Equipment